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Peter Gabriel ‎– So


Year: 1986

Grading: EX/EX LP

£21.47
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So is the fifth studio album by English singer-songwriter Peter Gabriel, released on 19 May 1986 by Charisma Records. After working on the soundtrack to the film Birdy (1984), producer Daniel Lanois was invited to remain at Gabriel's home during 1985 to work on his next solo project. Initial sessions for So consisted of Gabriel, Lanois and guitarist David Rhodes, although these grew to include a number of percussionists.

Although Gabriel continued to use the pioneering Fairlight CMI synthesizer, songs from these sessions were notably less experimental than his previous material. Nevertheless, Gabriel drew on various musical influences, fusing pop, soul and art rock with elements of traditional world music, particularly African and Brazilian styles. It is Gabriel's first non-eponymous album, So representing an "anti-title" that resulted from label pressure to properly market his music. Gabriel toured So on the This Way Up tour (1986–1987), with some songs performed at human rights and charity concerts during this period.

Often considered his best and most accessible album, So was an immediate commercial success and transformed Gabriel from a cult artist into a mainstream star, becoming his best-selling solo release. It has been certified fivefold platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America and triple platinum by the British Phonographic Industry. The album's lead single, "Sledgehammer", was promoted with an innovative animated music video and achieved particular success, reaching number-one on the Billboard Hot 100 and subsequently winning a record of nine MTV Video Music Awards. It was followed by four further singles, "Don't Give Up" (a duet with Kate Bush), "Big Time", "In Your Eyes" and "Red Rain".

The album received positive reviews from most critics, who praised its songwriting, melodies and fusion of genres, although some retrospective reviews have criticised its overt commercialism and 1980s production sounds. So was nominated for the Grammy Award for Album of the Year in 1987 but lost to Paul Simon's Graceland. It has continued to appear in lists of the best albums of the 1980s and was included at number 187 in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. So was remastered in 2002, partially re-recorded for Gabriel's 2011 orchestral project New Blood and issued as a box set in 2012.

 

Tracklist

A1 Red Rain
Backing Vocals [Backing Vox] – David RhodesDrum Programming [Linn] – Chris HughesDrums – Jerry MarottaGuitar – Daniel LanoisHihat – Stewart Copeland
 
A2 Sledgehammer
Backing Vocals [Backing Vox] – Coral Gordon, Dee Lewis, P.P. ArnoldGuitar, Tambourine – Daniel LanoisSaxophone – Mark RiveraTrombone – Don MikkelsenTrumpet – Wayne Jackson
 
A3 Don't Give Up
Drum Programming [Linn] – Peter GabrielPercussion – Manu KatchéPiano – Richard TeeSynthesizer [Chorus CS80] – Simon ClarkVocals [Guest Vox] – Kate Bush
 
A4 That Voice Again
Guitar – Daniel LanoisLyrics By – David RhodesLyrics By, Percussion – Peter GabrielPercussion – Manu KatchéViolin – L Shankar*
 
B1 In Your Eyes
Backing Vocals [Backing Vox] – David Rhodes, Jim Kerr, Michael BeenBass – Larry KleinBass [Bass Vox] – Ronnie BrightDrums [Additional] – Jerry MarottaPercussion, Talking Drum – Manu KatchéPiano – Richard TeeSynth, Backing Vocals [Backing Vox] – Peter GabrielVocals [Guest Vox] – Youssou N'Dour
 
B2 Mercy Street
Bass – Larry KleinDrums – Stewart CopelandOrgan [Hammond], Programmed By [CMI], Bass – Simon ClarkPiano – Richard TeeSaxophone [Processed] – Mark RiveraSurdo [Surdu], Congas, Triangle – Djalma CorreaSynthesizer [CS80] – Peter Gabriel
 
B3 Big Time
Alto Saxophone, Tenor Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone – Mark RiveraBass [Drumstick] – Jerry Marotta, Tony LevinDrum Machine [Linn Kick] – Jimmy BralowerDrum Programming [Linn] – Peter GabrielGuitar [Surf] – Daniel LanoisTrombone – Don MikkelsenTrumpet, Cornet – Wayne JacksonVocals [Voices] – Coral Gordon, Dee Lewis, P.P. Arnold
 
B4 We Do What We're Told (Milgram's 37)
Drums – Jerry MarottaViolin – L Shankar*
 

Companies, etc.

  • Published By – Cliofine Ltd.
  • Phonographic Copyright (p) – Charisma Records Ltd.
  • Copyright (c) – Peter Gabriel Ltd.
  • Mastered At – The Town House
  • Recorded At – Real World Studios
  • Mixed At – Real World Studios
  • Pressed By – Damont
  • Recorded At – PolyGram Studios, Rio De Janeiro
  • Overdubbed At – Power Station
  • Designed At – Peter Saville Associates

Credits

  • Arranged By [Additional Arrangement Ideas] – David Rhodes
  • Arranged By [Horns] – Wayne Jackson
  • Bass – Tony Levin (tracks: A1 to B1)
  • Design – Brett Wickens, Peter Saville (2)
  • Drums – Manu Katché (tracks: A2 to B1)
  • Engineer – Ary Carvalhaes, Jairo Gualberto, Kevin Killen
  • Engineer [Additional Engineering] – David Bottrill, David Stallbaumer
  • Engineer [Assistant] – Jam Crisp
  • Engineer [Overdubs Assisted By] – Steve Boyer
  • Engineer [Overdubs By] – Bruce Lampcov
  • Guitar – David Rhodes
  • Lacquer Cut By – Copperman (2)
  • Management – Gail Colson
  • Management [Assistant To Peter Gabriel] – Amanda Harcourt
  • Management [Assisted By] – Norma Bishop
  • Mastered By – Ian Cooper
  • Photography By – Trevor Key
  • Producer, Arranged By [Horns], Piano, Programmed By [CMI] – Peter Gabriel
  • Producer, Engineer, Arranged By [Horns] – Daniel Lanois
  • Recorded By [Original Track Recording By] – David Bascombe
  • Supervised By [Session Supervised By] – Charlene Colon
  • Supervised By [Session Supervision By] – Graciela Silberberg, Renato Costa
  • Synthesizer [Prophet] – Peter Gabriel (tracks: A1 to A4, B2 to B4)
  • Technician [Studio Management] – David Stallbaumer
  • Technician [Studio Organization] – Luigi Hoffer
  • Written-By – Gabriel*

Notes

℗ 1986 Charisma Records Limited 
© 1986 Peter Gabriel Limited

All tracks recorded and mixed at Real World Studios, England except for "Mercy Street"; Percussion recorded in Polygram Studios, Rio de Janeiro, engineered by Ary Carvalhaes and Jairo Gualberto, studio organization by Luigi Hoffer, session supervised by Renato Costa and Graciela Silberberg

New York overdubs recorded at the Power Station, engineered by Bruce Lampcov, assisted by Steve Boyer, session supervision by Charlene Colon.
Included lyric inner sleeve, made of card on early pressings, paper on later pressings.

P P Arnold courtesy 10 Records Ltd. 
Michael Been courtesy Elektra/Asylum Records Inc. 
Kate Bush courtesy EMI America Records, a division of Capitol Records INc. 
Stewart Copeland courtesy A&M Records Inc. 
Jim Kerr courtesy Virgin Records Ltd. 
Youssou N'dour courtesy Albert Koski Productions. 
L. Shankar courtesy ECM Records. 
Richard Tee courtesy King Records Co Ltd.

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£4.50 for the first 7", then £1 extra for any additional 7"s 
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To USA / CANADA & REST OF WORLD: PLEASE NOTE - These prices are estimates only. Some records have heavier pressings and packaging and may cost slightly more than the amounts below to post. In these cases we will get an accurate price from the Post Office and will inform the buyer accordingly before posting. 

£10.20 for the first 12", then £1.50 each for any additional 12"s 
£5.50 for the first 7", then £1 extra for any additional 7"s 
£5.50 for the first CD, then £1 extra for any additional CD's 
International Signed For is an additional £5.65 and provides tracking and insurance, please note that unless you take this option we cannot accept responsibility for lost parcels. 

The buyer is responsible for paying postage costs. 


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